Sophie Scholl and her brother Hans formed one of the few groups that openly opposed the Nazi regime in Germany. Their literature said, in part:
“Why do you allow these men who are in power to rob you step by step, openly and in secret, of one domain of your rights after another, until one day nothing, nothing at all will be left but a mechanised state system presided over by criminals and drunks? Is your spirit already so crushed by abuse that you forget it is your right—or rather, your moral duty—to eliminate this system? “
She was arrested and tried. She was offered clemency if she would support the Fuhrer. She refused. She was executed by Guillotine.